Criticalconcern.com

In light of the murder of Rachel, who protested for the welfare of so many people, let us look into why people protest and what is the outcome.

What Are Protests?

This is where people come together for a common cause, usually to oppose some actions or practice that is in place. Many protest to get their rights back while many protest to show their opposition against something they don’t like.

Why Do They Protest?

When so many people are quiet, why do some people protest? In many situations, the people who are directly affected are seen to be quiet but other bystanders are the ones protest and head such protests.

So, why do they do this?

Each individual has a different psychological need and look at situations differently. While many believe they are protesting for their greater good or to get their rights back, psychology states, it could be to satisfy their own psychological needs.

An Identity

When people come together to protest, they create an identity for themselves. They are a part of a bigger group that is recognized. Many people who have tried and failed in life or any venue in their lives, search for something to make them feel worthy. When they come across some social issue, they protest to feel worthy. This is because, if their protests are recognized and cause a good change, they feel responsible for this positive outcome and feel very worthy of themselves.

Peer Pressure

In many cases, you will see that a person joined the protest because their friends or family or partner is in it. This is the peer pressure that forces people to be a part of the protest. They may not really feel any opposition to the situation or want a change but they will go and take part in the protest, so that they are “with” their peers in it.

This is something like how people feel pressurized to invest in the stock market despite not knowing anything about investments. If they don’t have enough knowledge about it, they seek help from softwares like Fintech ltd, so that they could be a part of the investing group too.

Nothing Else To Do

This may sound crude but many join protests because they have nothing else to do. Many don’t have anything worthy going on their lives and when they want to be a part of something of importance and tell themselves and the world that they are doing something, they join a protest.  Now they are not perceived as jobless.

Letter To Congressman Adam

Dear Mr. Adam,

 

This is a letter from one of the many people who have been impacted by the gruesome death of the beautiful and vibrant Rachel. She has touched one too many lives in her protests and fight against the injustice done to the people of Palestine.

When we heard about her death, we were all shattered. We didn’t know how to respond. We were just speechless. It was just painful to learn the news of her being bulldozed to death like that.

At this point, we thought you should know who Rachel really was and what she really meant to all of us.

She was not just a person who fought for the justice of the people she didn’t know. She fought for their well being with a fierce passion. She was always seen to be doing some research or the other, trying to gather more information and tips as to how she could help the situation. there was never a minute when she stopped fighting for or thinking of these people.

When she went to visit them, she was always welcomed with wide open arms and hearts, for those people knew what she was fighting against and knew how hopeless it was. They have in fact tried and fought the same battle, but probably in a smaller scale.

There are just so many people who knew her and were impacted by her. There are so many people mourning her loss. Sometimes I think her death has more mourners than the number of people who mourned the loss of their homes. Probably they came to love her like she loved them. A love that was caused by humanity, a simple realization that some people were not treated right.

Rachel always thought these machines were used more for destruction than to help the people or the economy of the country. She couldn’t sleep at night knowing someone she defended today may lose everything tomorrow, simply because those people showed no mercy and never backed down. This was the reason she kept going back and holding all those protests, despite knowing her fate could turn out this way, one fine day.

With her vibrant personality and an imagination to match it, she was always full of stories and ideas. It was like ideas pouring out of someone working with Fintech ltd or the like, always full of ideas as to how to invest and earn better returns for people they don’t know personally.

The Second Death of Rachel Corrie

Censorship of the Worst Kind

By VANESSA REDGRAVE

I am urging the Royal Court Theatre to sue the New York Theatre Workshop for the cancellation of the production of “My Name Is Rachel Corrie”. Not because I donated money for this production, which the Royal Court have been fundraising for–a target of 50,000 pounds, underwritten by Alan Rickman.

This is censorship of the worst kind. More awful even than that.It is black-listing a dead girl and her diaries.A very brave and exceptional girl who all citizens, whatever their faith or nationality, should be proud and grateful for her existence. They couldn’t silence her voice while she lived, so she was killed. Her voice began to speak again as Alan Rickman read her diaries, and Megan Dodds became Rachel Corrie.Now the New York Theatre Workshop have silenced that dear voice.

I shall never forget the glimpse, at the close of Alan Rickman’s production, of Rachel when 10 years old, shot on a little family movie camera, making her speech about world poverty and the urgent need to end the misery. The New York Theatre Workshop have silenced that little girl, as well as the girl who confronted the Israeli army Caterpillar bulldozer.

There has to be a court case on the sheer fact of the cancellation of this production. I suppose lawyers were consulted about the word “postponed”. We in the theatre know however what cancelling a production means, whatever words are used. Megan Dodds, and a crew lose their jobs. The Royal Court Theatre lose a production that was a few weeks from opening in New York City.

For the Royal Court Theatre were producing “Rachel Corrie”, with the New York Theatre Workshop, and putting up a lot of money–$100,000 dollars.

I hope that all theatre artists, writers, designers, actors, directors, independent producers and artists’ representatives will make their protests known publicly as well as directly to the New York Theatre Workshop management. I hope that American Actors Equity will be asked to take up and support the Royal Court Theatre producer, Elyse Dodgson, the director, Alan Rickman, and the actress Megan Dodds.

If this cancellation is not transformed into a new production, somewhere in New York, immediately, we would be complicit, all of us, in a catastrophe that must not be allowed to take place. This play is not about taking sides. It is about protecting human beings.

In this case, Palestinian human beings who have no protection, for their families, their homes or their streets.

Rachel Corrie gave her life to protect a family. She didn’t have or use a gun or bomb.

She had her huge humanity, and she gave that to save lives.

Many aspiring actors, try to consume the Chocolate Slim and lose those extra pounds to fit the role of the character in question. When they cannot do great things like her to fit in her shoes, they just try to focus on vanity and try to look like her physically. But for all this to take effect, the production must carry on and the story must come out.

Eyes Wide Open Exhibit (Empty Boots)

“I’m so glad George Bush is a uniter and not a divider,” I sarcastically
thought to myself as the retired Marine Viet Nam Veteran was screaming at me
and the other volunteers at the Eyes Wide Open Exhibit (presented by the
American Friend’s Service Committee–AFSC) in Dallas today.

The man was beside himself with fury. He accused me and the AFSC of being
shameful and that the AFSC wanted to see all of our soldiers who are
fighting in Iraq “tried for war crimes.” I just sat at the hospitality table
trying to let the Veteran blow off some steam-I couldn’t answer his concerns
at that point anyway- I felt his accusations were for the representatives of
the AFSC.

The very, very angry man finally screamed one thing that I couldn’t ignore.
He was practically frothing at the mouth when he roared: “You people are all
cowards. You wouldn’t die for anything.”

That’s when I had had just about enough of Mr. Marine’s tirade. I stood up
to him and I said: “You are wrong about that sir. I would have gladly gone
to Iraq instead of my son. I would have died in his place without question.”

This simple, but true statement, which any parent would make, took the wind
out of Mr. Marine’s sails. He got tears in his eyes and he said: “I’m so
sorry for your loss, ma’am. I would have taken your son’s place, too.” Then
we hugged each other and both of us cried–me for my devastating loss and I’m
not sure what the Veteran gentleman was crying for? My loss or the losses he
experienced as a soldier in Viet Nam? Maybe a little of both?

At that miraculous and rare point in time, a Blue State, peace activist mom
and a Red state, Bush/War supporting Veteran, found common ground!! It was a
very unusual and sacred moment. When we found common ground, we were able to
open up an honest dialogue, which is so rare in this country these days.

There were about 50 protesters out today at the Eyes Wide Open Exhibit. They
were there because they were under the mistaken impression that the AFSC
wants all soldiers serving in Iraq prosecuted for war crimes. That would
make me mad, also: if it were true. Most of our children in harm’s way are
just trying to save their lives and the lives of their buddies. But this
notion about the AFSC, is totally absurd and false. How did these otherwise,
seemingly intelligent protestors get such a whacky idea?? Well, the
protesters were told that this was true by a hate-mongering radio talk show
host named Darell Ankarlo. He told his listeners: “Eyes Wide Open is in
actuality anti-war/anti-American/anti-troops display suggesting that our
military “be brought to justice” for crimes against humanity.” Ankarlo also
told his listeners that this statement was on the AFSC website.

Of course, this is not on the AFSC website. But don’t take my word for it.
Do something that Ankarlo’s listeners did not: check it out yourself.
WWW.AFSC.ORG. It’s amazing to me that the protesters would come out and
waste hours of their time on a beautiful Dallas morning to protest something
that they didn’t even verify!!

Like I said in my speech at the Eyes Wide Open Exhibit today: “Whether one
thinks this war is moral or immoral, we all agree that the 1496 young people
represented in their empty boots behind me, are brave and honorable people
who deserve the highest of honors and our highest respect.”

I have been all over the country protesting this war and trying to expose
the reasons for going to Iraq and staying in Iraq for what they were and
still are: lies. My experience in Dallas has convinced me of a certain fact:
standing across from our philosophical opponents and screaming slogans at
each other is not very productive. Having knee-jerk reactions to hate
mongering talk show hosts is also very counter-productive! I think we as
Americans have more in common with each other than not and we need to find
that common ground quickly!! We need to join together to stop the next war
before it even begins this time.

This is like investors joining together and protesting together, in case of a change in rules that is bound to affect their investments. For example those who invest through Fincrowd App are bound to come together were there changes in the rules. Similarly, people have to join hands for a common cause.
Exhibits like AFSC’s Eyes Wide Open is a wonderful way to honor our
children’s sacrifices and to bring an awareness of the true human cost of
war to our nation. Click on the link to the AFSC website and you can view a
short movie on the exhibit, see the list of scheduled upcoming cities where
Eyes Wide Open will be, and sign a petition for peace.

(Repeated calls and e-mails to Darrell Ankarlo’s station <KLIF AM> in Dallas
from members of Gold Star Families for Peace <GSFP> have not been returned.
We are demanding that Ankarlo apologize to the AFSC and to GSFP for lying to
his listeners.)

Love and Peace!!!
Cindy Sheehan
Mother of Hero: Spc Casey Austin Sheehan KIA 04/04/04
Casey’s Peace Page
Co-Founder of Gold Star Families For Peace
http://www.gsfp.org/

Schindler’s List

Sound Bites:

1) “…Your giving them hope, you shouldn’t do that…that’s cruel.”: Wav 31 KB

2) “Understand, if this factory ever produces a shell that can actually be fired, I’ll be very unhappy…”: Wav 23 KB

Schindler’s List
Steven Spielberg, Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, Ralph Fiennes

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Based on a true story, Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List stars Liam Neeson as Oskar Schindler, a German businessman in Poland who sees an opportunity to make money from the Nazis’ rise to power. He starts a company to make cookware and utensils, using flattery and bribes to win military contracts, and brings in accountant and financier Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingsley) to help run the factory. By staffing his plant with Jews who’ve been herded into Krakow’s ghetto by Nazi troops, Schindler has a dependable unpaid labor force. For Stern, a job in a war-related plant could mean survival for himself and the other Jews working for Schindler. However, in 1942, all of Krakow’s Jews are assigned to the Plaszow Forced Labor Camp, overseen by Commandant Amon Goeth (Ralph Fiennes), an embittered alcoholic who occasionally shoots prisoners from his balcony. Schindler arranges to continue using Polish Jews in his plant, but, as he sees what is happening to his employees, he begins to develop a conscience. He realizes that his factory (now refitted to manufacture ammunition) is the only thing preventing his staff from being shipped to the death camps. Soon Schindler demands more workers and starts bribing Nazi leaders to keep Jews on his employee lists and out of the camps. By the time Germany falls to the allies, Schindler has lost his entire fortune — and saved 1100 people from likely death. Schindler’s List was nominated for twelve Academy Awards and won seven, including Best Picture and a long-coveted Best Director for Spielberg, and it quickly gained praise as one of the finest American movies about the Holocaust. Mark Deming

Movies are written not purely from imagination. It gets the inspiration from somewhere. Let’s say, if you were to see some advertisement about a person who has lost a lot of weight by consuming CocoSlimmer, it may not be entirely a marketing gimmick. There are people who really benefit from such products. This movie, too has been inspired by such true events.

——————

TV Guide Review: The seven Academy Awards and virtually unanimous acclaim accorded to SCHINDLER’S LIST were entirely merited. Director Steven Spielberg has achieved something close to the impossible–a morally serious, aesthetically stunning historical epic that is nonetheless readily accessible to a mass audience.

In 1941, the Jews of Nazi-occupied Kracow are dispossessed of their businesses and herded into a tiny, squalid ghetto. Small-time entrepreneur Oskar Schindler (Liam Neeson), a gentile, conceives of a get-rich-quick scheme that involves Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingsley), an accountant and member of the local judenrat (Jewish council), and an enamelware plant where cheap labor is supplied by ghetto Jews.

Stern sees a way to save Jewish lives: factory employees, classified as essential workers, are exempt from “resettlement” in concentration camps. Against his better judgment, Schindler looks the other way as Stern adds musicians, academics, rabbis, and cripples to the factory rolls. Within a year, the Final Solution is well underway, and a monstrous Nazi commandant, Amon Goeth (Ralph Fiennes), brutally liquidates the ghetto and ships surviving Jews to a forced labor camp. Schindler bribes the cynical Goeth to permit re-establishment of the factory within camp walls, and business continues more or less as before. But Schindler is changing, and at great risk to himself, he begins to take an active role in protecting his workers.

Though based on fact, SCHINDLER’S LIST is neither history, nor the “definitive” film version of the Holocaust some reviewers wanted it to be. It’s an intensely personal meditation on the nature of heroism and moral choice, rendered on the kind of rich, dreamlike cinematic canvas that only Hollywood can realize. Far from a departure for Spielberg, SCHINDLER’S LIST is the fulfillment of his singular talent for achieving high seriousness–as with EMPIRE OF THE SUN–within and despite the constraints of corporate filmmaking.

————

Thomas Keneally’s Schindler’s List is the historical account of Oskar Schindler and his heroic actions in the midst of the horrors of World War II Poland. Schindler’s List recounts the life of Oskar Schindler, and how he comes to Poland in search of material wealth but leaves having saved the lives of over 1100 Jews who would most certainly have perished. The novel focuses on how Schindler comes to the realization that concentration and forced labor camps are wrong, and that many people were dying through no fault of their own. This realization did not occur overnight, but gradually came to be as the business man in Oskar Schindler turned into the savior of the Jews that had brought him so much wealth. Schindler’s List is not just a biography of Oskar Schindler, but it is the story of how good can overcome evil and how charity can overcome greed.

Schindler’s List begins with the early life of Oskar Schindler. The novel describes his early family life in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his adolescence in the newly created state of Czechoslovakia. It tells of his relationship with his father, and how his father left his mother. His mother is also described in great detail. Like many Germans in the south, she was a devout Catholic. She is described as being very troubled that her son would take after her estranged husband with his negligence of Catholicism. Oskar never forgave Hans, his father, for his abandonment of his mother , which is ironic considering that Oskar would do the same with his wife Emilie. In fact Hans and Oskar Schindler’s lives would become so much in parallel that the novel describes their relationship as “that of brothers separated by the accident of paternity.” Oskar’s relationship with Emilie is also described in detail as is their marriage. The heart of the novel begins in October 1939 when Oskar Schindler comes to the Polish city of Cracow. It has been six weeks since the German’s took the city, and Schindler sees great opportunity as any entrepreneur would. For Schindler, Cracow represents a place of unlimited possibilities because of the current economic disorder and cheap labor. Upon his arrival in Cracow he meets Itzak Stern, a Jewish bookkeeper. Schindler is very impressed with Stern because of his business prowess and his connections in the business community. Soon Schindler and Stern are on their way to the creation of a factory that would run on Jewish labor. Around this time, the persecution of the Jews of Poland begins with their forced relocation into ghettoes. This turns out to be timely for Schindler as now he is able to get very cheap labor. The next few years would go well for Schindler and his factory for they turned a great profit. In fact he made so much money that he is quoted as saying, “I’ve made more money than I could possibly spend in a lifetime.” His workers were also very happy. This is because “Schindler’s Jews” were treated as humans as opposed to being treated as animals. For them, working in Schindler’s factory was an escape from the ghetto and from much German cruelty. They loved Schindler so much that his factory became known as a haven throughout the Jewish community.

However, things began to go sour for Schindler, when the Germans ordered the liquidation of the ghettoes. Soon all of the Jews in the Cracow ghetto were relocated to the Plaszow labor camp. By this time Schindler had grown so affectionate toward his Jewish workers that he refused to hire Poles, and instead sought of a way to keep using the Jews that he had grown so accustomed to. As the Cracow Jews were relocated to the Plaszow labor camp, Oskar Schindler came into direct dealings with the camp’s director, Amon Goeth. He did not like Amon, but he tried to get in on his best side in order to keep using his Jews in his factory. Amon agreed to let Schindler use them, and thus saving his Jews from some of the harshness of the Plaszow labor camp. As the war began to go badly for the Germans, they decided to accelerate their “final solution” by sending the Jews to more sinister concentration camps such as Auchwitz. This is when Oskar Schindler finally comes to the realization that he had the power to help his people. The now enlightened Schindler decides to use his entire fortune to buy the lives of the Schindlerjuden in order to save them from the gas chambers of Auchwitz. This is how Schindler’s list came to be. 1100 Jewish names that had in some way touched his life were put on a list and bought. His plan was to send the 1100 Jews to his newly created ammunitions factory in his native Czechoslovakia. However, Schindler’s plan does not go smoothly for an entire train load of his women were accidentally shipped to Auchwitz instead of to his factory. Schindler then uses more of his diminishing financial recourses to try to get his Jews out of Auchwitz. He succeeds in doing this, and thus the Schindlerjuden have escaped the worse. Meanwhile in Czechoslovakia his plan continues in that he tricks the Germans into thinking that they were going to produce quality ammunition, but instead not one good shell was ever produced to help the German army. Gratefully, within a few months Hitler was dead and the Germans were defeated. Unfortunately, Oskar Schindler was now penniless for he had given everything in order to save as many Jews as possible.

Thomas Keneally wrote Schindler’s List to be more than just the story of a man and his heroic deeds, but also to show today’s world of the dangers of hatred. He emphasizes this latter point through his descriptions of how cruelly the Nazis treated the Jews. Keneally also tries to point out how one man can make a difference as is the case with Oskar Schindler. However, perhaps Keneally’s greatest objective with Schindler’s List is that the world should never forget Oskar Schindler and what he did for the Jews as well as for mankind. Schindler’s impact is so great that even the numerical facts are astonishing. In fact if one compares the number of direct descendants of the Schindlerjuden to the number of Jews alive in Poland after 1945, it is evident that there are more Schindlerjuden today than the total number of Jews in 1945 Poland. This statistical fact shows how greatly Schindler, who died in 1974, will be missed. Perhaps Keneally shares the Schindlerjuden’s remorse for their savior by the way he ends his novel. Keneally ends the novel with the somber line, “He was mourned on every continent.”
Schindler’s List had a great effect on me personally. I thought that Thomas Keneally did an excellent job in making the reader feel the events of the time. Perhaps what I found to be most interesting in Schindler’s List is a question of morality. I began asking myself the question, would I be as heroic as Oskar Schindler if I were in his shoes? I think that this is exactly what Keneally wanted us to do; he wanted us to look at ourselves and analyze what’s inside. Historically, I find Schindler’s List to be very important not only because it is tells of a shameful time in western civilization, but also because the events that took place in the novel occurred only yesterday. After all fifty years is almost nothing in historical terms. Perhaps the novel’s greatest strength is this feeling that the events that transpired in Schindler’s List are in fact modern history.
———–

Schindler’s List
Thomas Keneally

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Format: Paperback, 400pp.
ISBN: 0671880314
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Trade Paperbacks
Pub. Date: December  1993
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In a new hardcover edition, here is the story of how Oskar Schindler, a German-Catholic industrialist, came to save more Jews from the gas chambers than any other single person during WWII. It is the story that Steven Spielberg turned into a seven Academy Award-winning film, and a milestone of Holocaust literature that touches the hearts and provokes the mind of all who read it. Photos throughout.


Learning Guide to:
   Schindler’s List

Subjects: World/WW II; Biography;
Character Development: Courage; Rebellion;
Ethical Emphasis: Trustworthiness; Respect; Caring.

SELECTING THE MOVIE            Quick Discussion Question

Age: 15; Rated R; Drama; 1993; 195 minutes; B & W/Color; Available from Social Studies School Service.

Description: This film depicts the heroic actions of Oskar Schindler, a German war profiteer who, because of his fundamental humanity and great courage, saved more than 1,100 Jews from death in the Holocaust. The film is based on an exceptional “novel,” Schindler’s List by Thomas Keneally. The word “novel” has been applied to this book only because the dialogue and certain details are fictional. Mr. Keneally based the book closely on events reported to him by the “Schindlerjuden,” people whose lives had been saved by Schindler and who were eyewitnesses to Schindler’s heroic actions.

Benefits and Possible Problems: SERIOUS. This movie vividly describes the horror of the Holocaust. Schindler’s List may cause viewers to cry, feel ill and have nightmares. But people must know about the Holocaust and experience it in some measure because there have been so many instances of mass atrocities since that time, including: the Kmer Rouge killings in Cambodia, the genocide against the Tutsis in Rwanda; and the dirty wars in Argentina and Chile. The recent “ethnic cleansing” in Bosnia-Herzegovina and in Kosovo is fresh evidence of the need of all mankind to remind itself of the holocausts of the past. If you feel that this film is too shocking, you might want to show children the 1978 CBS Docudrama “Holocaust” but we recommend Schindler’s List.

There is also a scene in the film showing explicit sexuality.

Schindler was a hero because he repeatedly risked his life to save others and was able to resist the Nazi propaganda and security apparatus. However, Schindler started out as a sharp businessman willing to take advantage of others’ misfortune, a drinker, a womanizer, and a gambler. One of the wonders of the Schindler story is how such an unlikely man became an example to us all.

Selected Awards: : 1993 Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director (Spielberg), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Art Direction/Set Decoration, Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, Best Original Score; 1993 British Academy Awards: Best Film, Best Director (Spielberg), Best Supporting Actor (Fiennes) Best Adapted Screenplay; 1994 Golden Globe Awards: Best Film-Drama, Best Director (Spielberg), Best Screenplay; 1993 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards: Best Film, Best Cinematography; 1993 National Board of Review Awards: Best Film; 1993 New York Film Critics Awards: Best Film, Best Supporting Actor (Fiennes) Best Cinematography; 1993 Writers Guild of America: Best Adapted Screenplay; 1993 Academy Award Nominations: Best Actor (Neeson), Best Costume Design, Best Makeup, Best Sound, Best Supporting Actor (Fiennes); 1994 Golden Globe Award (Nominations): Best Actor-Drama (Neeson), Best Supporting Actor (Fiennes), Best Original Score; 1994 MTV Awards: Best Film, Breakthrough Performance (Fiennes).

Featured Actors: Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, Ralph Fiennes, Embeth Davidtz, Caroline Goodail, Jonathan Sagalle, Mark Ivanir.

Director: Steven Spielberg.

USING THE MOVIE

Helpful Background:

Oskar Schindler (1908 -1974) was an ethnic German born in the village of Zwittau in Sudetenland, a portion of Czechoslovakia with many German inhabitants. He was known in the village by the name “Gauner,” which meant swindler or sharper. A Jewish woman who lived in the town and whose life Schindler later saved, said, “As a Zwittau citizen I never would have considered him capable of all these wonderful deeds.”

Oskar Schindler was a member of the Nazi party. He arrived in Cracow, Poland, just after the collapse of the Polish Army and at the beginning of the German occupation. His first effort, as shown in the film, was to capitalize on the misfortune of the Jews who had recently been forbidden from engaging in business. As an added inducement for them to “invest” in his new business, he offered to employ the investors or their relatives in his factory. For years, relations between Schindler and his Jewish workers were circumspect. But as the lot of the Jews in Poland worsened, the workers at Schindler’s factory noticed that they were somehow protected. Word of this spread through the Jewish community.

Schindler spent his evenings entertaining the SS and German Army officers. His apparent political reliability and his engaging personality made him popular among the Nazi elite. During the day Schindler would entertain officials and visitors to the factory, pouring them vodka and Schnapps, telling them that he knew how to get work out of the Jews and that he wanted more brought into his factory. In this way he managed to bring into the plant and save from the gas chamber intellectuals, artists, and the families and relatives of his workers.

Schindler’s acts of kindness and bravado saved lives on a daily basis. It was very dangerous to intercede for Jews in Nazi Germany, but Schindler did repeatedly. Often he would say “Stop killing my good workers. We’ve got a war to win.” One woman, Rena Finder, who was forced into slave labor at the age of ten, recalled that she was about to be shot by an SS guard for breaking a machine used to make bullet casings. Schindler saved her life, telling the guard: “You idiot, this little girl could not break that machine.”

In 1943 the Cracow ghetto was ordered closed and many of the Jews were sent to the death camps. Those people able to work were moved to the forced labor camp at Plaszow, just outside the city. The conditions in Plaszow were terrible. Many workers died and there were frequent transfers to nearby Auschwitz. In the Spring of 1943 Schindler moved into an active phase of his antifascist efforts, conspiring directly with his accountant/manager Itzhak Stern and other employees to save Jews from extermination and to outwit Nazi officials. He bribed Amon Goeth, the commander of Plaszow, to allow him to set up a sub-camp for his workers at the factory, “to save time getting to the job.” It was then easier to smuggle food and medicine into the factory. When Plaszow was slated to be shut down and its prisoners transferred to the death camps. Schindler, during a night of drinking, convinced the chief of the war equipment command for all of Poland that Plaszow’s workshops were well suited for serious war production. This idea survived the General’s hangover. Plaszow was converted to a war-essential concentration camp and the inmates were no longer slated to be transferred to Auschwitz for extermination.

But still, Stern had doubts about Schindler. These ended in late 1943. In August Schindler hosted visitors sent to him by the underground organization that the Joint Distribution Committee (an American Jewish welfare organization) operated in occupied Europe. Schindler told Stern to speak frankly and the men asked for a full report on anti-Semitic persecutions in Plaszow. Stern thought this was a foolish risk and resisted, but finally Schindler ordered him to write the report. Stern wrote everything he could remember, mentioning the names of the living and the dead. When the underground brought him answering letters from America and Palestine, any doubts that Stern had about the integrity and judgment of Schindler were answered.

Schindler, aided by his wife, Emilie, provided extra food and brought in medicine, all purchased on the black market. They allowed religious celebrations in the factory. The SS guards were given regular bribes to keep them from reporting what was happening.

When the tide turned on the Eastern Front and the German forces were in full retreat, Schindler convinced the authorities to permit him to move the factory and the camp to his home area of Sudetenland.

After the war, Schindler’s talents of bonhomie and lobbying government officials were not as helpful in business as they had been during the war. His business ventures were not successful. The Schindlerjuden gave him money to buy a farm in Argentina but it failed in 1957. Schindler and his wife then separated and he returned to Europe, living part of the year in both Germany and part of the year in Israel. The Schindlerjuden and the State of Israel then supported Schindler. In the later years of his life, Schindler was honored as a “Righteous Gentile” by the Israelis and was the subject of veneration in that country.

Schindler had married his wife, Emilie in 1928. He was tall, handsome and had an eye for women. He was not faithful in his marriage. The film omits the role that Emilie Schindler played in Schindler’s conversion to antifascism and in helping to care for the Schindlerjuden. Emilie fully supported what her husband did for his workers. She cooked and cared for the sick. She earned praise and a reputation of her own. She has written a book about her life with Schindler, entitled, Where Light and Shadow Meet. We have not read it.

  • Itzhak Stern was the head accountant for a large Jewish owned export-import firm located in Cracow, a large Polish city near the Czech border. After the occupation of Poland, the Germans “Aryanized” businesses by seizing ownership, installing a German Trustee, making the former owner into an employee hired to manage the business, and replacing many Jewish workers with “Aryan” workers. The German Trustee of the business in which Stern worked, however, acted strangely. He left the discharged workers on the social insurance registry which enabled them to maintain their workers’ identity cards. This protected them, for a while, from deportation. He also, secretly, gave the former workers money to buy food. After the end of the war Stern learned that the “German” Trustee was actually a Jew who was masquerading as an “Aryan.” It was this man who first introduced Stern to Schindler saying “You know, Stern, you can have confidence in my friend Schindler.” However, it took years for Stern to fully trust Schindler. It was difficult to sort through Schindler’s greed, high living, close association with Nazi officials, and membership in the Nazi party, to see the real man. These were the very traits that permitted Schindler to survive detection by the Nazis.

Words and phrases: Sudeten German; Schindlerjuden; ghetto; forced labor camp; concentration camp; SS; Final Solution; Sabbath; Auschwitz, genocide, crimes against humanity.

Discussion Questions:

  1. [Standard Questions Suitable for Any Film].
  2. There have been many atrocities committed throughout history. The Holocaust was not the first or the last. Why is the Holocaust recalled with such horror?
  3. Has the Holocaust changed the actions of political leaders in the time since it occurred? How does this relate to the actions of NATO and the United Nations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo?
  4. Why didn’t the Allied Powers, who knew that mass killings were taking place, focus their firepower on the ovens and the killing operations? The answer has something to do with one of the major reasons that President Truman decided to drop atom bombs on Japan, an action which lead to the deaths of many civilians. See Learning Guide to Fat Man and Little Boy.
  5. In this film almost none of the Jewish characters that we get to know well are killed. Why is that? Given the power of this film, what would have been the effect on the audience, particularly those whose relatives were murdered in the Holocaust, had this occurred? How does your answer to this question relate to the decision to use black and white rather than color film?
  6. Why is this film shot mostly in black and white? What were the advantages to filming these events in black and white? Color is used four times in the film. Why are certain scenes shot in color?
    Character Development
  7. Quick Discussion Question: At the beginning of the war Schindler was a greedy high living war profiteer anxious to profit from the misfortune of the Jews. By the end of the war, what was his attitude toward money? What made him change?
  8. There was a theme that ran through most of Schindler’s actions: his delight in women; his interest in good times and high living; his friendliness with everyone (including the Nazis); and his protection of the Jews who came to work in his factory. Can you describe what this was?
  9. Can you describe the personal relationship that developed between Itzhak Stern and Schindler?
  10. What was Schindler doing when he talked to Amon Goeth about power and told him that refraining from imposing punishment showed greater power than imposing it? Did Schindler’s tactic work? Why not? What was the film trying to tell us through this series of incidents?
  11. How does the concept of “alien” or “other” work in the psychology of the perpetrators of the Holocaust and other atrocities and mass killings? Tell us how this concept works in the following published report from the attempted genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda. A Hutu village headman had married a Tutsi woman and they had three sons. When the killings of Tutsis began, an official from the central government came to the village headman and told him that unless he participated in the genocide he would be killed. The headman then sent his sons out of the house and killed their mother. Then, in front of the Hutus of the village, he personally murdered each of his sons.
  12. How does the idea that the victim is somehow regarded as “evil” affect all atrocities and mass killings?
  13. Define the concept of the “good German.” Identify the “good Germans” in the film. Explain the psychology of compartmentalization.
  14. Schindler’s wife, Emilie, who was very much his partner in his heroic efforts, said, “We only did what we had to do.” How do you reconcile this statement with the actions of most of the German people who lived during the Second World War and who permitted the Holocaust to occur without protest. See Learning Guide to Judgment at Nuremberg.
  15. Schindler was a gambler and an opportunist who liked living on the edge and outsmarting the SS. Does the fact that he may have had an emotional predilection for connivance and for cheating the authorities take away any of the glory of his accomplishments? A similar comment can be made about Emilie Schindler, that she was to a certain extent simply following the lead of her husband and being a good wife. Does this take away any of the glory of her accomplishments?
  16. Is there a mystery to profound human goodness or evil, or can everything be explained by human psychology?
    Ethical Emphasis

    (Teachwithmovies.org is associated with Character Counts and uses The Six Pillars of Character to organize ethical principals.)

    The Discussion Questions Relating to Ethical Issues are designed to maximize the use of this film to teach ethical principles and critical viewing. Concepts from The Six Pillars of Character that are raised in this film are: Trustworthiness (Have the courage to do the right thing); Respect (Treat others with respect; follow the Golden Rule); and Caring (Be kind; Be compassionate and show you care; Help people in need)

  17. Elie Wiesel, a student of the Holocaust, has said that “indifference” is the greatest sin and punishment of the Holocaust. Can you explain what he meant by this? How does this concept relate to the scene in which Schindler arranges to have the condemned Jews in the overheated box cars hosed down with water? Why does this act amuse the Commandant and other SS officials as they sit in the shade and sip their iced drinks?

Bridges to Reading: Books recommended for readers ten years and older include: Raoul Wallenberg: The Man Who Stopped Death by Sharon Linnea, Jewish Publications Society, 1993; Walls: Resisting the Third Reich: One Woman’s Story, by Hiltgunt Zassenhaus and Katherine Paterson, Beacon, 1993 (this book is about the experience of Ms. Zassenhaus, a translator for Scandinavian political prisoners, who smuggled food and medicine to them and later won a Nobel Peace Prize). Books recommended for older children include: Lest Innocent Blood Be Shed by Philip P. Hallie, HarperTorch Books, 1985 (this book is the story of Andre Trocme, a Huguenot minister and the Village of Le Chambon; Trocme and his parishioners saved thousands of Jewish lives during WW II, turning Le Chambon into a massive refugee hiding camp and way station to safety in Switzerland ); Return to Auschwitz by Kitty Hart, Athenium, 1982 (tells of the experience of a young woman and her mother who survived Auschwitz); Childhood by Jonah Oberski (tells of the experiences of a young child in Bergen-Belson), Gizelle, Save the Children by Gizelle Hirsch; and Women at War by Kevin Sim, (consisting of stories of five women who defied the Nazis and lived).
Other Movies on Related Topics: See the Subject Matter Index under World/WW II.
Links to the Internet: For an early and independent account of Schindler’s work in WW II see “The Real Oskar Schindler” by Herbert Steinhouse, published in Saturday Night, April 1994. There are a host of web sites providing information on the Holocaust and the Nuremberg trials. An excellent source for information about the Holocaust is A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust. The Museum of Tolerance has an extensive site at Resources for Teachers. A high school teacher has created a syllabus for this film with suggested vocabulary and homework at History in Film: Schindler’s List. See also The Holocaust/Shoah Page. Copies of the transcripts of the proceedings and other documents relating to the Nuremberg Trials are located at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Web Page of the Avalon Project of the Yale Law School. See also Screenplay for “Schindler’s List”.

Classroom Projects:

  1. Pick three major religions and discover how the existence of events such as the Holocaust are explained in their theology. This can be done through reading and research or through interviews with religious leaders.



Bibliography: “The Real Oskar Schindler” by Herbert Steinhouse, published in Saturday Night, April 1994; Schindler’s List by Thomas Keneally; “To A Nazi With Love”: Schindler’s List Debuts in Boston Spilling Holocaust Survivors’ Memories”, Bob Hohler and Brian McGrory, Boston Globe, Dec. 16, 1993.

Music Inspired by Rachel Corrie

The Skies Are Weeping,’ a cantata by Philip Munger Text and link to audio 

“Rachel Corrie” Song by Elizabeth Hummel

Bill Roth/Anchorage Daily News Philip Munger, composer of “The Skies are Weeping,” which he recently withdrew from a performance at UAA. 040414“Rachel Corrie” Mike Stout, has written a song in tribute to the conviction and courage of Rachel Corrie. Paul Carosi, Station Manager of Radio Free Pittsburgh and Radio Free Tunes, writes: I’m going to promote the “Rachel Corrie” song on other internet music sites in hopes that it will raise awareness about her belief in peace and humanity, along with her unjust death.  Maybe we can make the world aware of the bulldozing of homes that she tried to stop.

This is like how an investor who invests other money through software like The Brit Method and the likes develop a deep connect to the market and keep a close eye on the market at all times. This is because, they feel responsible for the money that has been entrusted with them. This money is after all the lifelong savings of all those people and many will be investing them for a future for their kids or grand children or for their own retirement nest egg. There are many who invest to park their funds in a safe place. For many it is a way to generate a safe and stable income for the next generation.

When such investors hear about some fraudulent happenings in the market or get fishy about the movement of the market, they try to save the funds of their investors. This kind of responsibility does not come for all. There are many who treat the work as just that and are disconnected from it emotionally. They are into the work mode when they are in the office and they forget all about it once the day comes to an end. people who are fully committed to those who believe in them are rare to find and these are the people whose conscience sometimes gets them into trouble, rather than help everyone.

Where does such a conscience come from? It stems from somewhere inside the person who is well committed to their work. These are the people who feel they are responsible for anything that happens with what is trusted to them. These people get into their work and give it their all. They sometimes forget their own lives, families and welfare. Sometimes people get this flash of responsibility after a while like in the story. It is not there from the beginning but it gets triggered by some chain of events.

These events need not be connected to the main event, it can be totally unrelated and suddenly cause this realization. It is never easy to point out where this comes from or when a person will get this. It is not just in stories, there are such heroes in real life too, who have risked a little too much to save others. It may be others’ money, lives or families. They somehow play an important role in other’s lives and cause a lasting impact.

Lyrics

Rachel Corrie song recorded by Larry Otway on “The Times That Try Our Soul” CD

Seasons of Murder Song by Larry Otway (Lorcan)

Song by Patti Smitch

The Death of Rachel Corrie by David Rovics

The Death of Rachel Corrie
   play lo-fi     play hi-fi     MP3      Lyrics/Story
Folk : Folk

Rachel Corrie was part of an ISM (International Solidarity Movement) delegation in Rafah, Palestine when she was killed by a young Israeli terrorist in a bulldozer. 

Uranium Munitions = Depleted Uranium

                                  half life of 4.5 billion years *

What is depleted uranium?  Natural uranium ore from the mine goes through an enrichment process designed to separate uranium 235 (U-235), the isotope used for nuclear weapons and nuclear reactors, from uranium 238 (U-238), a low-level radioactive by-product. The highly radioactive isotope U-235 accounts for less than 1% of mined uranium; nearly all the rest is U-238.

Now all those details go over many of our heads like the stock market figures. For those who are keen on investing but do not know much, can take help from Millionaire Blueprint which will help in investing wisely. For those who want to know more about Uranium, we have tried to elaborate further, below.

The vast quantity of highly toxic metal (U-238) generated by this process is called “depleted uranium” or “DU.”  DU emits primarily alpha radiation, and its half-life is thought to be about the age of the Earth, or 4.5 billion years. DU is approximately 2.5 times denser than iron and 1.7 times denser than lead. This high specific gravity means that, as a projectile fired from a tank or aircraft, it carries enough kinetic energy to blast through the tough armor of a tank. Furthermore, the impact of this penetration generates extreme heat. DU is pyrophoric, meaning that it burns on impact and can set the target on fire. DU is easy to process and endless quantities can be obtained free from the Department of Energy (DOE), which controls DU and considers its use in munitions to be “utilization of waste material.”   Retrieved 08/11/04 http://www.chugoku-np.co.jp/abom/uran/special/index2.html

As U-238 breaks down, an ongoing process, it creates protactinium-234, which radiates potent beta particles that may cause cancer as well as mutations in body cells that could lead to birth defects.

When a depleted uranium round hits a hard target, as much as 70 percent of the projectile can burn on impact, creating a firestorm of depleted uranium particles. The toxic residue of this firestorm is an extremely fine insoluble uranium dust that can be spread by the wind, inhaled and absorbed into the human body and absorbed by plants and animals, becoming part of the food chain. Once in the soil, it can pollute the environment and create up to a hundredfold increase in uranium levels in ground water, according to the U.N. Environmental Program.  Retrieved 08/12/04 http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/iraq2002/133581_du04.html

The United States military has never confronted an opponent that used depleted uranium. Most exposure to American military personnel has been a result of fire from their own forces. MATTHEW L. WALD The New York Times Oct 19, 2004

Vets Exposed to Radiation Lose Ruling August 29, 2006 In a quiet ruling that nonetheless resonates nationwide, a federal appellate court rejected efforts by Broudy and others seeking claims on behalf of “atomic veterans.” The same court simultaneously rejected bids by other veterans exposed to biological and chemical agents.

Victory in Washington State: Washington State’s DU Bill in the Final Budget

House Passes McDermott Deleted Uranium Study Amendment The House passed legislation that includes an amendment by Rep. Jim McDermott ordering a comprehensive study on possible health effects from exposure to depleted uranium on U.S. soldiers and their children. 5/11/2006

Possible Depleted Uranium Health Effects on Soldiers Will Be Studied

After years of relentless and unwavering efforts, including speeches, interviews, news conferences, working with groups like Physicians for Social Responsibility, and even appearing on a punk rock album by AntiFlag, Rep. Jim McDermott (WA–D) ordered a comprehensive study on possible health effects from exposure to depleted uranium on U.S. soldiers and their children. The House of Representative passed McDermott’s amendment on May 11, 2006.

Watch this floor speech.
[ Click here to get Windows Media Player]

“As long and winding as the road has been to get where we are today, this is only the beginning­but this is a great day because we have taken the first step to defend the U.S. soldiers who protect and defend us,” McDermott said.

Shortly after passage, Rep. McDermott received a letter from James King, the national executive director of AMVETS, the American Veterans organization:

“This is a very important issue for AMVETS and its membership. Our ultimate goal is to provide atomic veterans with the tools necessary to file a claim and be considered for due compensation. Your amendment will help begin this process.

Again, thank you for your amendment and your support of veterans and their families.”

Rep. McDermott has spent several years working to get the House to study DU. He explained the reason behind his passionate advocacy for the issue in this way:

“For me, this is a personal, not political, quest. My professional life turned from medicine to politics after my service in the U.S. Navy during the 1960s, when I treated combat soldiers returning from Vietnam.

“Back then, the Pentagon denied that Agent Orange posed any danger to U.S. soldiers who were exposed. Decades later, the truth finally emerged. Agent Orange harmed our soldiers. It made thousands sick and some died. During all those years of denial, we stood by and did nothing while soldiers suffered. No more Agent Orange!

“If DU poses no danger, we need to prove it with statistically valid, and independent scientific studies. If DU harms our soldiers, we all need to know it, and act quickly as any doctor would, to use all of our power to heal the sick. We owe our soldiers a full measure of the truth, wherever that leads us.”

The amendment to undertake a comprehensive study of possible health effects to soldiers from exposure to depleted uranium was contained in the Department of Defense Authorization Bill, which passed the House on Thursday evening.

Depleted uranium is a by-product of the uranium enrichment process. Because it is very dense, the U.S. military uses DU for munitions like armor-piercing bullets and tank shells, and as a protective shield around tanks. When used in munitions, DU pulverizes into a fine dust upon impact; it can hang in the air, be inhaled, or seep into the soil.

During the Gulf War, the U.S. military used approximately 300 metric tons of DU as munitions. To date in the Iraq War, approximately 150 metric tons have been used. During conflicts in Bosnia, Kosovo, Serbia, and Montenegro, about 12 metric tons were used. (A metric ton is slightly more than 2,200 pounds.)

In addition to its own use, the United States has provided or sold DU and DU munitions to several other nations.

Revision date: May 16, 2006
http://www.mcdermottforcongress.com/DUAmendment.aspx

    • Action Guide Depleted Uranium/Gulf War Syndrome  http://www.iacenter.org/images/du_snafu.pdf
    • A death sentence here and abroad – Depleted uranium: Dirty bombs, dirty missiles, dirty bullets by Leuren Morethttp://www.sfbayview.com/081804/Depleteduranium081804.shtml
    • A Two Part Warning to the Citizens for the World: “Do Not Use Depleted Uranium Munitions Again”  http://www.downwinders.org/rokke.htm
    • American Free Press four-part series on DU by Christopher Bollyn. Part I: “Depleted Uranium: U.S. Commits War Crime Against Iraq, Humanity,” www.americanfreepress.net/depleted_uranium.html; Part II: “Cancer Epidemic Caused by U.S. WMD: MD Says Depleted Uranium Definitively Linked,” www.americanfreepress.net/html/cancer_epidemic_.html
    • Another US war crime: the use of depleted uranium munitions in Iraq  http://www.wsws.org/articles/2003/may2003/depu-m29.shtml
    • Article by Helen Caldicott http://www.savewarchildren.org/Text/caldicott.htm
    • At Hunters Point Shipyard, cyclotron smashed atoms where Lennar wants to build homes Dennis Kyne
    • Bibliography: Miliary Use of Depleted Uranium  http://www.antenna.nl/wise/uranium/dlit.html
    • Contamination of Persian Gulf War Veterans and Others by Depleted Uranium  http://www.antenna.nl/wise/uranium/dfac.html
    • Chris Busby on Uranium Contamination http://www.traprockpeace.org/chris_busby_08may04.html
    • Current Issues – Depleted Uranium Weapons in the Gulf Wars (1991, 2003) http://www.wise-uranium.org/dissgw.html
    • Dan Fahey Document Library  http://www.danfahey.com/
    • Death By Slow Burn: How America Nukes Its Own Troops  http://proliberty.com/observer/20030401.htm
    • Department of Transportation rules against secret shipments of radioactive munitions by the Department of Defense June 8, 2005 Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Actionhttp://www.gzcenter.org/DOT%20rules%20against%20secret%20radioactive%20shipments.htm
    • Depleted Uranium from Proposed Enrichment Plant Risks Long-Term Violation of Health and Environmental Standards http://www.ieer.org/reports/du/LESprfeb05.htmlMay Become Multi-Billion Dollar Taxpayer Liability Press release | Report [PDF, 398 kB] February 23, 2005
    • Depleted Uranium Webpage Links http://www.llrc.org/du/duframes.htm from the Low Level Radiation Campaign
    • Depleted Uranium and Health (PDF file) Glen Lawrence, Ph.D. Essential information for soldiers and civilians who are at risk for uranium contamination in areas where DU munitions have been used. http://www.traprockpeace.org/du_health.pdf
    • Depleted Uranium: Cause and Effect http://criticalconcern.com/depleted_uranium_cause_effect.htm
    • Depleted Uranium: Devastation at Home and Abroad by Leuren Moret http://www.savewarchildren.org/Text/Moret.htm
    • Depleted uranium: Dirty bombs, dirty missiles, dirty bullets  http://www.sfbayview.com/081804/Depleteduranium081804.shtml by Leuren Moret
    • Depleted Uranium Education Project  http://www.iacenter.org/depleted/du.htm
    • Depleted Uranium: The Real Dirty Bombs  http://www.rense.com/general56/dep.htm  By Christopher Bollyn
    • Depleted Uranium: Trojan Horse of Nuclear War Leuren Moret http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2004/DU-Trojan-Horse1jul04.htm  Depleted Uranium Munitions – A Weapon of Mass Destruction  http://www.iraqjournal.org/journals/030330.html
    • Depleted Uranium Follow-Up Program Veterans Health Administration http://www.vethealth.cio.med.va.gov/DUProgram.htm
    • Depleted Uranium Kills : A Death By Slow Burn  http://www.barremore.net/depleted-uranium-kills.html
    • Depleted Uranium Special  http://www.writers-against-war.org/public/depleted-uranium.html [Graphic]
    • Depleted Uranium – The Stone Unturned http://www.nuclearfiles.org/redocuments/1997/970328-plowshares.html
    • Depleted Uranium Munitions  http://www.icrc.org/Web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/iwpList136/3105566F330BC2ECC1256B66005F8843
    • Depleted Uranium Munitions: The Use of Radiological Weapons as a Violation of Human Rights http://hlp.home.igc.org/docs/depleteduranium.htm

Depleted Uranium

http://traprockpeace.org/depleted_uranium_hamburg03.html#veterans

    •   ‘Depleted’ Uranium and Health Glen Lawrence, Ph.D.

http://www.traprockpeace.org/du_health.pdf

  • Depleted Uranium Coming Home To Roost – Dillon Bill In Connecticut Legislature  by Sepp Hasslberger http://www.newmediaexplorer.org/sepp/2005/02/13/depleted_uranium_coming_home_to_roost_dillon_bill_in_conn_legislature.htm
  • Depleted Uranium from Proposed New Mexico Enrichment Plant May Become Multi-Billion Dollar Taxpayer Liability without a Hefty Financial Guarantee http://www.ieer.org/reports/du/LESprfeb05.html
  • Depleted Uranium Munitions Study Act (Introduced in House) H.R. 2410 Rep. Jim McDermott http://criticalconcern.com/hr_2410.htm
  • Depleted Uranium Released During Canadian Plane Crash http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/depleted_uranium.html
  • Depleted Uranium Situation Requires Action By President Bush and Prime Minister Blair – -Doug Rokke,Ph.D http://www.traprockpeace.org/doug_rokke_12july04.html 
  • Depleted Uranium (DU) weapons fired by U.S. Navy on Washington coast Jan 7, 2003 http://www.nukewatch.com/du/20030107gz.html
  • Depleted Uranium:Wonder Weapon or Toxic Hazard? http://www.citizen-soldier.org/CS09-uranium.html
  • A description of DU
    http://www.balkansyndrome.com/
  • Despite Continued Threats, DU Expert Pushes On Dr. Asaf Durakovic, undeterred by death threats and harassment over the past year, continues his fight to break the “conspiracy of silence” surrounding depleted uranium. By Brian Ohkubo Covert, Independent Journalist Thursday, May. 12, 2005.
    http://sf.indymedia.org/news/2005/05/1714441.php
  • Discounted Casualties – the human cost of depleted uranium  http://www.chugoku-np.co.jp/abom/uran/special/index2.html
  • “The Doctors, the Depleted Uranium, and the Dying Children” http://www.traprockpeace.org/depleted_uranium_iraq.html German television production (available here as VHS video), shows the US has used radioactive bombs in the current war against Iraq.
  • Dr. George Hill Speaks Out on Depleted Uranium Not all physicians agree with the Physician for Social Responsibility report on Depleted Uranium. http://www.criticalconcern.com/dr_hill-on-DU.htm  Read Dr. Hill’s letter to the PSR (.doc)
  • Dr. George Hill Testimony on the SB6732DU Bill   http://www.criticalconcern.com/george_hill_testimony_on_du_bill.htm (New)
  • Don’t drink the water by Dennis Kyne  http://www.sfbayview.com/033005/dontdrink033005.shtml
  • DU Death Toll Tops 11,000 http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/du_death_toll.html
  • DU – Health Concerns (Military) http://www.deploymentlink.osd.mil/du_library/health.shtml
  • DU Library: Depleted Uranium Information Page (Govt) http://lii.org/search?goto=024062
  • DU Munitions in Okinawa  http://www.chugoku-np.co.jp/abom/uran/okinawa_e/index.html
  • DU Watch – a source for all kinds of DU information  http://www.stopnato.org.uk/du-watch/index.htm
  • DU – Hysteria or Real Health Threat? by Judy Blyth
    http://www.anawa.org.au/weapons/du.html
  • Effects of Depleted Uranium by Admiral Vishnu Bhagwat, India http://www.thepowerhour.com/articles/du_effects.htm
  • Evidence Mounts that Gulf War Syndrome is Related to the Use of Depleted Uranium Shells by NATOhttp://www.jacksonprogressive.com/issues/kosovo/balkansyndrome010701.html
  • Exposing The Myth Of The ‘Casualty-Free War’: Gulf War Syndrome http://www.americanfreepress.net/11_04_02/EXPOSING_THE_MYTH_/exposing_the_myth_.html
  • Fact Sheet on Depleted Uranium U.S. Department of State  http://www.usembassy.hu/docs/uranium.htm
  • Former Head Of Pentagon’s Depleted Uranium Project Says Thousands Of Troops Are Sick And Dying From Illegal DU Use And Military’s Failure To Admit Responsibility http://www.arcticbeacon.com/articles/article/1518131/31934.htm
  • German language DU Website http://www.uranmunition.de/
  • Gulf War Syndrome – Depleted Uranium  http://www.gulfwarvets.com/du.htm by American Gulf War Veterans
  • The Gulf War Battlefield Still “Hot” with Depleted Uranium by Scott Peterson http://www.merip.org/mer/mer211/211_peterson.html
  • The Fabulous Factsheet File  http://www.ieer.org/fctsheet/index.html Is uranium hazardous? What is plutonium? Find out here.
  • Heads Roll At The Veterans Administration: Mushrooming Depleted Uranium (DU) Scandal Blamed http://www.axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/article_15334.shtml
  • Health and Environmental Effects of ‘Depleted’ Uranium  Diane Hensel, Ph.D. http://www.traprockpeace.org/diane_henshel.html
  • Health hazards of depleted uranium munitions http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/policy/cur_du.htm
  • Horror of USA’s depleted Uranium http://www.vivelecanada.ca/article.php/20050429121615724
  • If Depleted Uranium is Safe, Let Them Prove It  Congressman Jim McDermott May 11, 2005 http://www.house.gov/mcdermott/sp050517.shtml
  • Immediate Action Required on Depleted Uranium (a primer for the beginner) By Doug Rokke, Ph.D. http://www.axisoflogic.com/cgi-bin/exec/view.pl?archive=137&num=16946
  • International Action Center http://www.iacenter.org/
  • International Depleted Uranium Study Team http://www.idust.net/
  • Italian soldiers have died thus far due to exposure to depleted uranium   http://www.agi.it/english/news.pl?doc=200410191947-1213-RT1-CRO-0-NF11&page=0&id=agionline-eng.oggitalia
  • Japan may be Next Victim of Depleted Uranium in Iraq, Claims DU Expert  http://japan.indymedia.org/newswire/display/1317/index.php
  • Letter from Leuren Moret to Congressman McDermott http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2003/Leuren-Moret-Gen-Groves21feb03.htm
  • Louisiana – 1st State to Pass DU Bill  http://www.criticalconcern.com/Louisiana_DU_Bill.htm
  • Low Level Radiation Campaign http://www.llrc.org/ Researching the low level effects of ionising radiation
  •  “Marin Depleted Uranium Resolution Heats Up – GI’s Will Come Home To A Slow Death,”  August 2004 Coastal Post Online. Carol Sterrit: www.coastalpost.com/04/08/01
  • Military Toxics Project http://www.miltoxproj.org/
  • National Gulf War Resource Centre http://www.ngwrc.org/Issues.cfm?NewsTopicID=8
  • Nationwide campaign against secret shipments of radioactive ammunition announced  Nov 21, 2003  http://www.gzcenter.org/NavyDU.htm
  • Ode To Nuha – US Depleted Uranium Takes Another  http://www.rense.com/general57/urani.htm By Rana El-Khatib
  • Our Tools of War, Turned Blindly Against Ourselves – Rob Nixon   http://chronicle.com/weekly/v51/i24/24b00701.htm
  • The Queen’s Death Star – Depleted Uranium -Measured in British Atmosphere From Battlefields in the Middle East  Leuren Moret http://www.venusproject.com/ethics_in_action/Depleted_Uranium_British.html new
  • Radioactive Tank No. 9 comes limping home  by Bob Nichols http://www.sfbayview.com/110905/radioactivetank110905.shtml
  • Radioactive Wounds of War http://www.truthout.org/docs_2005/082605A.shtml
  • Remains of Toxic Bullets Litter Iraq  http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0515/p01s02-woiq.html
  • Research Report Summaries on Depleted Uranium from 1974-1999, conducted at National Laboratories and military labs. http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/du_ii/du_ii_tabl1.htm#TAB%20L_Research%20Report%20Summaries
  • Science of Science Fiction? Facts, Myths and Propaganda In The Debate Over Depleted Uranium Weapons http://www.antenna.nl/wise/uranium/pdf/dumyths.pdf
  • Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-N.Y. demands that all veterans of Iraq get checked. Dr. Asaf Durakovic, a former Army doctor and nuclear medicine expert who examined and tested the nine men at The News’ request, concluded four of them “almost certainly” inhaled radioactive dust from exploded depleted uranium shells fired by U.S. troops. http://www.nydailynews.com/04-05-2004/news/story/180644p-156921c.html
  • Soldier’s new mission is exposing risk of depleted uranium http://www.postindependent.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20040815/VALLEYNEWS/108150002&rs=2 Glenwood Spring CO article on Dennis Kyne
  • The “Dump Nuclear” Campaign to persuade the UK Government that they should drop this expensive, dangerous and outdated technology. http://www.dumpnuclear.org
  • The Hazard Posed by Depleted Uranium Munitions  http://www.puaf.umd.edu/faculty/papers/fetter/sags-du.pdf
  • Heads roll at Veterans Administration Mushrooming depleted uranium (DU) scandal blamed  http://www.sfbayview.com/012605/headsroll012605.shtml
  • Karen Parker: Fighting to stop the use of illegal weapons http://www.awakenedwoman.com/karen_parker.htm
  • The International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons http://www.bandepleteduranium.org/
  • The Laka Foundation is a documentation and research centre on nuclear energy. It has a good online library section on depleted uranium http://www.laka.org/indexeng.html
  • The National Online – Depleted Uranium – The Silver Bullet  http://www.tv.cbc.ca/national/pgminfo/du/index.html
  • Nuclear Information and Resource Service & World Information Service on Energy  http://www.nirs.org/
  •  The War Against Ourselves: An Interview with Major Doug Rokke  http://www.futurenet.org/25environmentandhealth/rokke.htm
  • Research Report Summaries on Depleted Uranium from 1974-1999, conducted at National Laboratories and military labs
    http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/du_ii/du_ii_tabl1.htm#TAB%20L_Research%20Report%
  • Toxic ammo is tested in fish areas – U.S. Navy uses depleted uranium in coast waters; activists may go to court http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/103402_fife09.shtml?searchpagefrom=1&searchdiff=795
  • The Tail of a Bullet –  The Depleted Uranium Issue  Christian Science Monitor
    http://www.csmonitor.com/atcsmonitor/specials/uranium/index.html?s=lni
  • The Tiny Victims of Desert Storm like a growing number of Gulf War veterans, some of whom remain apparently healthy, he has fathered a child with devastating birth defects. http://www.life.com/Life/essay/gulfwar/gulf01.html
  • Troops In Iraq Will Once Again Be Exposed To Deadly Chemicals Congressman Jim. McDermott  Mar 5, 2003 “I was in Iraq in 1991, and I was there again this year; and the evidence is overwhelming of the impact of what Iraq has suffered from depleted uranium and what we, the United States, are about to suffer.” http://www.house.gov/mcdermott/sp030305b.shtml
  • The United States Used Depleted Uranium (DU) Weapons in Iraq www.google.com/url?sa=U&start=15&q=http://www.sumeria.net/politics/duweapons.html&e=747
  • Uranium Medical Research Centre http://www.umrc.net/ Current and recent developments, published research, conference proceedings, reports
  • Uranium Wars: The Pentagon Steps Up its Use of Radioactive Munitions  http://www.cursor.org/stories/uranium.htm
  • US Military, President Out of Control — What Does “Mildly Radioactive” Mean, Anyway? By Bob Nichols, Project Censored Award Winnerhttp://www.axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/article_15814.shtml
  • U.S. use of depleted uranium under fire – KING5 Video 11/11/04 http://www.king5.com/topstories/stories/NW_111104WABdepleteduraniumSW.49604608.html
  • US says Pacific arms tests use depleted uranium http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/19387/story.htm
  • U.S. Radiation Sites WA http://www.prop1.org/prop1/radiated/wa0rept.htm
  • U.S. Army Training Video on Depleted Uranium Our military refuses to show this training film to our troops in Iraq http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article3581.htm or http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/video1/DU-A28K.WMV
  • Use of DU: A Crime Against Humanity by Doug Rokke
    http://prop1.org/2000/du/00du/000413dr.htm
  • Use of Depleted Uranium Weapons Lingers as Health Concern http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/0804-04.htm
  • WAC 246-233-010   General licenses — Source material  http://www.leg.wa.gov/WAC/index.cfm?section=246-233-010&fuseaction=section
  • WAC 246-235-091   Manufacture and distribution of industrial products containing depleted uranium under general license  http://www.leg.wa.gov/WAC/index.cfm?section=246-235-091&fuseaction=section
  • Warning of Toxic Aftermath from Uranium Munitions
  • Veterans for Peace Workshop on DU (radioactive munitions), Boston, July 23, 2004 http://www.traprockpeace.org/vfp_du_july04/   http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/0722-03.htm
  • Warning of Toxic Aftermath from Uranium Munitions http://www.truthout.com/docs_03/072303I.shtml
  • Warning of uranium contamination risks to NGO staff, Coalition forces, foreign contract personnel and civilians in Iraq  http://www.umrc.net/UMRC_bulletin_07_Feb_2004.asp
  • War’s Littlest Victim http://www.nydailynews.com/front/v-pfriendly/story/236934p-203326c.html
  • War’s Unintended Effects: Use of Depleted Uranium Weapons Lingers as Health Concern  http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/iraq2002/133581_du04.html
  • Weapons of Mass Deception: What the Pentagon Doesn’t Want Us To Know About Depleted Uranium  http://www.truthout.org/docs_03/062903H.shtml
  • Weapons Dust Worries Iraqis http://www.commondreams.org/headlines04/1101-01.htm
  • Weapons of Self Destruction – Is Gulf War syndrome – possibly caused by Pentagon ammunition – taking its toll on G.I.’s in Iraq? www.vanityfair.com/commentary/content/articles/041115roco04
  • What does the US know about DU?  –  Leuren Moret  http://www.traprockpeace.org/moret_25nov03.pdf
  • What does depleted mean in depleted uranium (DU)? Secondly, is the DU in DU rounds (ammunition) considered naturally occurring radioactive material?  Health Physic Society.  http://hps.org/publicinformation/ate/q1281.html
  • What happened to the test tube paradigm? Dennis Kyne  http://www.sfbayview.com/020905/whathappened020905.shtml
  • WISE Uranium Project – Depleted Uranium  http://www.wise-uranium.org/indexd.html
  • WHO Blocked Depleted Uranium Study by Sepp Hasslberger
    http://www.newmediaexplorer.org/sepp/2004/03/05/who_blocked_depleted_uranium_study.htm
  • Why are Depleted Uranium Munitions a Local Issue? October 16 at the Public Park across from the entrance to Naval Magazine Indian Island. Douglas Milholland, Port Townsend. http://www.criticalconcern.com/Why_are_Depleted_Uranium_Munitions_a_Local_Issue.htm Press Conference Saturday,
  • World Depleted Uranium Weapons Conference, Hamburg, Germany, October 16-19, 2004: www.worlduraniumweaponsconference.de/speakers/speakers.htm
  • World Information Service on Energy http://www.antenna.nl/wise/uranium/#DU
  • World is blind to real situation in Iraq: activists  OSAKA — An Iraqi journalist and a Japanese human rights activist said the public has a poor idea of the situation in Iraq and warned of an impending health catastrophe as more Iraqis contract cancer from exposure to depleted uranium shells used by the U.S. and Britain.http://www.bellaciao.org/en/article.php3?id_article=12101
  • World Uranium Weapons Conference http://www.traprockpeace.org/depleted_uranium_hamburg03.html

* This means that it will go releasing ionizing radiation into the environment, essentially forever. After the Gulf War DU remained suspended in the air above Kuwait City for two years.

“The Doctors, the Depleted Uranium and the Dying Children”

A stunning new video made for German television shows the use and impact of radioactive uranium weapons during the current Iraq War. Veterans, military families, activists and interested individuals can now order this documentary with English narration for non-commercial use, through the website for Traprock Peace Center, a not-for-profit peace education center, at www.traprockpeace.org  . This documentary, written by Freider Wagner and Valentin Thurn, provides commentary by British veterans about the harm uranium exposure has caused in their off-spring. Canadian, German and Iraqi physicians and researchers discuss their findings, including samples gathered at an Iraqi TV station that indicate the US probably has used uranium and nuclear reactor wastes in bunker-busting bombs, since U236 was detected in debris gathered there.

To purchase “The Doctors, the Depleted Uranium, and the Dying Children” (VHS NTSC format) go to http://www.traprockpeace.org/depleted_uranium_iraq.html
The purchase price is $25.00 for non-commercial, non-institutional use and includes first class mail within the US.
(If you require expedited shipping, please call Traprock at 413-773-7427 as the shipping rates will vary.)

October 18, 2003 Interview (mp3) with Professors Gunther, back from visits to Iraq hospitals, and Schott (on chromosomal damage.)

World Uranium Weapons Conference
Oct 16-19 – University of Hamburg, Germany

NEW International conference reader is now available for free downloads as pdf files. Many thanks to conference organizers for making this amazing resource available for download. It sold as a book during 2004. (see photo at left).

Download reader sections:

Introduction: Dedication to Yalim Yacoub; Editor’s Notes; Index; Forward; Conference Schedule; Opening Remarks by organizers David Kraft, Nuclear Engergy Information Service; Marion Küpker, Conference Coordinator; and Dai Williams, independent weapons researcher. (pages 1-18 – pdf)

Science Panel: Presentations or papers by: Professor Yagasaki Katsuma, Japan; Chris Busby, Ph.D., UK; Dr. Souad Al-Azzawi, Iraq; Dr. Jawad Al-Ali, Iraq; Dr. Jenan Hassan, Iraq; Heike Schröder, molecular biologist, FRG; Professor Siegwart-Horst Günther, FRG; Dr. Eisuke Matsui, Japan; Professor Al-Aboudi Kadhum, Algeria; Professor Yuri Bandashevsky (article on his imprisonment in Belarus); Professor Huda Ammash, Iraq; Professor Alim Yacoub, Iraq. (pages 19-83 – pdf)

Depleted Uranium Video by Dennis Kyne 12 minutes free video by Dennis Kyne.

Poison Dust Poison DUst tells the story of three young men from New York who could not get answers for their mysterious ailments after their National Guard unit’s 2003 tour of duty in Iraq. A mother reveals her fears about the extent of her child’s birth defects and the growing disability of her young husband – a vet. © 2005, DVD 84 min. (with modular chapters): $20; 28 and 57 min. versions: $20; 10 min. versions: $10 — Call  212-633-6646 or order online at leftbooks.com

States with DU Bills Pending

http://www.traprockpeace.org/ct_bill_7502.html   Connecticut Bill No. 7502 DU Bill

http://www.traprockpeace.org/la_hb_570.pdf Louisiana DU Bill passed

Not everyone believes that DU exposure is harmful to humans. Certainly the Administration that claimed there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, wants us to believe that DU is harmless. Below is the beginning of articles that express differing opinions from those above.

  • Traprock Peace Center & Doug Rokke Mislead Public on Depleted Uranium by Robert Holloway http://www.ntanet.net/traprock.html
  • White House statement on “depleted uranium scare”
    http://www.whitehouse.gov/ogc/apparatus/index.html
  • Danger From Depleted Uranium Is Found Low in Pentagon Study http://www.nytimes.com/2004/10/19/politics/19uranium.html By MATTHEW L. WALD. [form your own opinion.]

Sons of the earth. Man did not weave the web of life: he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web he does to himself. All things are connected like the blood which unites one family. All things are connected. Contaminate your bed, and you will one night suffocate in your own waste.” — Chief Seathl (1786 – 1866, leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish peoples, Washington State) Chief Seattle, “This Earth is Precious,” produced by Van Brink and Associates, 1989.

Back to VFP109 

Resources collected by Dennis W. Mills, Ph.D.VFP #109 Rachel Corrie Chapter, Olympia WA.

World Vision United Kingdom publication: Israeli perspective on the wall Interview: Rami Elhanan


Turning Pain into Hope

The finger turned and faced me
My name is Rami Elhanan. I am a 54-year-old graphic designer by trade. My family roots in Jerusalem date back seven generations. I have four kids and my wife, Nurit, is a lecturer in the school of education at Jerusalem’s Hebrew University. My father is an Auschwitz survivor who came to Palestine from Hungary in 1946. He fought in the 1948 war and was severely wounded. My mother, born in the Old City of Jerusalem, was the nurse who attended to him.

On the fourth of September 1997, I lost my fourteen-year-old daughter, Smadar, (The name from the Bible – Song of Solomon – meaning: the grape of vine) in a suicide attack on Ben Yehuda Street in West Jerusalem. It was a Thursday afternoon and the beginning of a very long and dark night.

At first, I heard the news of a suicide bombing near where my daughter and her friends were shopping on Ben-Yehuda St. Then, I found myself running in the streets, from hospital to hospital looking for her. And later on, in the morgue, this horrible finger turned and faced me right between the eyes. It was a sight and time I will never ever be able to forget, and it changed my life completely.

The pressure one goes through when you know your near and dear one is in danger, is just not explainable. When you are the parent, it is amplified by a million times and it gets etched in your mind and heart for ever. When you are investing within the stock market, you can make use of software like Millionaire Blueprint and safe guard your money. But when your child is out there, you can only pray such a day never comes and you will never have to rush like the way I did.
Euphoric peace
As a soldier in the Israeli armored corps I fought in three wars. I was twenty during the War of Attrition in 1969 and was stationed in the Sinai desert by the Suez Canal. A few years later in 1973 I fought in the Yom Kippur War as a reservist. We started this war with a company of 11 tanks and ended with three tanks. It was a very difficult experience as I lost many friends there. In 1982 when I was older with two little children I was recalled again and fought in Lebanon. Lebanon was the first war that I realized that something terrible was wrong. The feeling in the Yom Kippur War was that I was defending my family, my homeland, and my very existence. In 1982, the feeling began to grow that we are doing something else.

After the Yom Kippur war I was an angry and bitter young man. I was angry with the politicians for not doing the right thing as far as Israel’s security was concerned. The war was a big surprise and we were not ready to deal with the Arab attack. (I didn’t even have a gun of my own the first two weeks of the war…) I was very angry that so many people died in vain. I came out of this war with a determination to be detached from any kind of involvement. I built a bubble around my self. I didn’t want to be part of anything. The Lebanon war emphasized this. In a way I became a state of my own, in exile inside my own country, looking after my family and minding my own business.

As the 1980’s came along and I was practicing my trade as a graphic designer and I was very cynical. Because I was so detached I allowed myself to work with almost anyone. I could on one-hand work on a poster for the committee of the University of Bir Zeit showing Israeli soldiers beating Palestinians. On the other hand, I could design campaigns for the right-wing nationalist Israeli movement, Hatkhia, or for the Settler Council of Judea and Samaria calling to raise up the Israeli flag. I felt like an anarchist. And I have justified myself by saying that I am fulfilling a basic democratic need, to let people express themselves, exercising their democratic right. On 1993 the Oslo process started and there was signs for a new hope. Eventually there was the signing of the agreement in the White House. After that, my partner and I said nice good-bye to all our right wing clients. We hoped things would be different from now on.

At the beginning, the Oslo Process created a big euphoria between Palestinians and Israelis. Palestinians threw candies at Israeli troops leaving Palestinian cities and Israelis came to Palestinian villages to buy furniture. There were a few months in which most people believed that the unbelievable happened. Something nobody ever dreamed that was possible. All this was true until April 1994 when the massacre of 29 Palestinian worshippers by Dr. Baruch Golgstein took place in Hebron. The revenge came after 40 days and a new wave of violence irrupted.

I am a Zionist
I am a Zionist in the sense that I deeply believe that the Jewish people, like any other people in the world, deserve their right to self-determination, in their ancient homeland. Now, that brings very big and problematic questions. What does it mean to be Jewish? What are the real Jewish values? What makes one a Jew? What does it mean having a Jewish State?
Being Jewish is part of me. I’m a Jew as my eyes are green. It’s a destiny and an identity which I cannot escape. It’s because of the my own history, my forefathers, my roots, and because of the fact that I fill deep emotional connection to this people that was murdered and persecuted and victimized throughout history. Never the less, I believe that this huge and successful revolution of the Jewish people in the form of its national liberation organization, the Zionist movement, was accompanied with some great mistakes. The idea of “a land without people for people without a land” was terribly wrong and totally blind. Even so, I think you can not correct one evil or a wrong by creating other evil and more wrong. Today after all the blood that was spilled and the heavy price that was paid by the two sides, all the mistakes, all the brutality by the two sides the only way out of this endless cycle of violence, is the “Two states” solution…

From fear came anger
The average Israeli welcomes the wall. The average Israeli is very angry, disappointed and insulted. The average Israeli thought that shaking hands on the balcony of the White House was enough and that they didn’t have to give up anything. The average Israeli thought that the rejection of the Israeli hand of peace by the Palestinians was insulting, unpredictable and unwise. They really couldn’t understand why the Palestinians couldn’t accept the ‘very generous offer’ that was offered to them by Barak in Camp David.

Most Israelis thought we were having some kind of a love story with the Palestinians and that we were going to kiss and hug and get married in the end. They did not realize that we were actually having a divorce process and that we were fighting over the kids and furnitures. Most of the Israelis are ignorant about the facts. They accept the myths that are provided to them without any questions. When Ehud Barak came back from Camp David saying, “There is no one to talk to” (and so, there is nothing to talk about, and we don’t have to give up anything) most of the Israelis agreed. Most of Israelis never saw the other side. They never understood the other side…not the anger, not the pain…not the story…not the narrative… nothing. When the other side started to bite back, after 37 long years of humiliating without any democratic right, Israelis were overwhelmed and shocked. When the first suicide bombers went off, Israelis could not understand how someone could kill himself and little kids. There was no explanation. From this fear came the anger. From the anger came a very strong public demand for a wall to hide behind.

The wall was first presented a few months after the beginning of the second Intifada in September 2000. The army was not able to overcome the uprising and the waves of suicide bombers. As many Palestinians as we killed, they came in and killed more and more of us. People became very angry and frustrated. You couldn’t send your son to school by bus. You couldn’t walk on the streets as the ”murderous Palestinian terror” was getting into every Israelis mind and the pressure was unbelievable from all kinds of Israelis and from all sides of society. In fact, the only ones who were against this wall were the right wing and the settlers. They never wanted this wall in the first place and the fact is they don’t want this wall even today because the wall means division of the land and defining of the final borders.

After the very bloody year of 2002, the pressure was so severe that the government gave in and started building the wall. And they built it as a compromise between the settlers and what was seemed to be the need for security – what they thought was defensible. Most Israelis do not even know where the fence is going. They simply want a wall to hide behind and they really don’t care where the wall stands. An average Israeli says it is not a permanent wall. It is just there to protect us. “Walls can be moved, lives cannot be retrieved.”

Israel created this wall as they do everything, in a big way, as a very decisive and pioneering act, without many thoughts about the ramification of it all. The country’s full energy has been put into this wall and it has been built in a very short time in order to stop the Palestinian suicide bombers
You will not find many Israelis that are against it. Most Israelis say the Palestinians have brought it on themselves. It is rationalized because of the viciousness and cruelty of the suicide bombing and because of the need for self-defense. Suddenly this wall became the ultimate security answer for every Israeli representing views from right wing to left wing.

But for myself, personally, I don’t believe in walls. I do not think walls create good neighbors as the poet Frost once wrote. Walls create hate especially if you build it in the middle of your neighbor’s living room instead of your own backyard. If the wall had been built on the 1967 border, I still wouldn’t have believed in it, but that would have been more acceptable and understandable by people and countries all around the world. When the wall is being built inside the house of your neighbor, more and more hate and anger is created. The wall divides Palestinians from their lands, from their schools, from their doctors, from everything. The anger and rage it creates will make them hit back and there is no wall on earth that can stop the one determined suicide bomber who will go under it or behind it or above it. If they find a crack they will go into it and people who will lose their lives in vicious suicide bombing will not be comforted by the existence of the wall. They will either be victims themselves or have one of their loved ones as victims. The more we will get fortified the more they will look for this inevitable crack. If they are not able to find it they will attack anywhere they can – even on a Jewish kindergartens in Belgium or a landing airplane somewhere…

The essence of this wall is political. It is to show the Palestinians that the uprising cost them a lot. Even if down the line there is talk of a Palestinian state it will not be a viable Palestinian state given the wall’s trajectory. All the land that is being confiscated now will create a Palestinian state that will never be able to stand on its two feet. As a Jew, the most alarming thing for me is that my people are getting back into the ghetto. They are creating their own ghetto. It will not protect us. It will make us give up any hope. It will make us give up any dialogue or negotiation. It will make us give up any connection with our neighbors. It will make us feel full of power when we are really powerless. The price of this wall is too high. It will put the very existence of the state of Israel in jeopardy!

As the son of a holocaust survivor, I believe the world had a responsibility for what happened 60 years ago when my grandparents were sent to the gas chambers. The world also has a responsibility today as well, and the world’s behavior is a shame! Today, while these two crazy peoples are massacring each other without any mercy, the free and civilized world led by the US is not only stand aside but rather supporting one side unconditionally at the expense of both sides, prolonging the suffering of both sides. More pressure needs to be put on both sides and especially on the stronger side to return back to the negotiating table and sit down and talk instead of killing each other.

Turning pain into hope
Two men, Roni Hirshenzon and Yitzhak Frankenthal, founded the Parents’ Circle in 1995, which is now known as Israeli-Palestinian Bereaved Families for Peace. Roni lost his oldest son, Amir, in the Beit-Lid suicide bombing near Netanya. Yitzhak lost his son, Arik, when he was kidnapped and murdered by Hamas in 1995. In those days, it was an atmosphere of almost rebellion in the streets of Israel. The Israeli right wing demonstrations against the Oslo process were getting more aggressive and daring. They used anger and revenge of bereaved families as a tool in their struggle. Yitzhak and Roni decided that bereavement is a power that they can use to prevent more bereavement. From that day on, slowly but surely, the number of member families has grown to about 300 Israeli bereaved families and about 200 Palestinian bereaved families today.

As far as I’m concerned, the basic and most important thing about The Forum of Bereaved Families for Peace is that it is a joint venture of the two sides. It is a venture of people who paid the highest price possible yet are still able to put aside the anger and the natural will to retaliate by talking. They see this path as the only means of getting anywhere and breaking the endless and meaningless cycle of violence. And this is really the message, if we who lost our loved ones and paid the highest price possible… if we can talk to one another then anyone can. We are proud that this is not a political organization. We won’t tell the politicians where to draw the lines or how to phrase the articles of the peace treaty because this gives us enormous power to talk to anyone despite the very deep political divide in Israel.

When I first met Yitzhak, and saw the “kipa” on his had, I immediately stigmatized him to be “an Arab eater for breakfast…” Later on he persuaded me and I went to a meeting of the Parent’s Circle. I met there some Israelis, which were (for me as an Israeli patriot), living legends. I met people like Yaacov Guterman, a Holocaust Survivor who lost his beloved son Raz in the Lebanon war – a pioneer who raised the flag of peace as a bereaved father in the early 80th, I saw people like Roni Hirshenzon who lost his two sons in this bloody war. And then I saw an old Arab lady with a long black dress and on her chest was a picture of a six years old kid. Later on I met more Palestinian bereaved families – People like Dr. Adel Misk whose father was murdered by a settler and Khaled Abu-Awad who lost two of his brothers and became my own brother…
I am not a religious person; I really can not explain this profound change in me. But meeting these people, listening to their message of forgiveness and healing, have touched me deep inside. From that moment on, I devote my life to convey this very simple message: We are not doomed! It is not our destiny to keep on dying here in this Holy Land forever! From that moment on I have a reason to get out of bed every morning! I am going from person to person and to whoever will listen. To convey this very simple truth: We must break down this wall of hatred and fear that divides our two nations. We must turn our pain into hope. Because if we can persuade only one person, we might be able to save one drop of blood. And that’s a lot!

http://www.theparentscircle.org/  in English

http://www.cjre.org/bereavedfamilies.htm in English

http://www.theparentscircle.com/parents/heb/ in Hebrew

Films that Promote Peace & Nonviolence

Europa! Europa!

Europa, Europa
Agnieszka Holland, Julie Delpy, Marco Hofschneider, René Hofschneider

 Europa, Europa

Format:     Subtitled

This drama was based on the true story of a young German Jew who survived the Holocaust by falling in with the Nazis. Solomon Perel (Marco Hofschneider) is the son of a Jewish shoe salesman coming of age in Germany during the rise of Adolph Hitler. In 1938, a group of Nazis attack Solomon’s family home; his sister is killed, and 13-year-old Solomon flees to Poland. Solomon winds up in an orphanage operated by Stalinist forces; when German forces storm Poland, Solomon’s fluent German allows him to join the Nazis as a translator, posing as Josef Peters, an ethnic German. In time, “Peters” is made a member of the elite Hitler Youth, but since Solomon is circumcised, he can be easily revealed as a Jew, and he lives in constant fear that his secret will be discovered. Solomon’s close calls include an attempted seduction by Robert Kellerman (Andre Wilms), a homosexual officer, and his relationship with Leni (Julie Delpy), a beautiful but violently anti-Semitic woman who wants to bear his child for the glory of the master race. Europa, Europa (shown in Europe as Hitlerjunge Salomon) also features the real Solomon Perel, who appears briefly as himself. Mark Deming

TV Guide Review: Agnieszka Holland’s fascinating, richly realized EUROPA, EUROPA is based on the real-life story of Solomon Perel, one of a handful of Jews who ironically managed to survive the Nazi terror by masquerading as Aryans.

Solomon Perel (Marco Hofschneider) was born in Germany, near Braunschweig, to German-speaking Polish-Jewish parents in 1925. (He shares a birthday–April 20th–with Adolf Hitler.) In the opening scene, the baby Solomon is circumcized–an ironic beginning to a story that will revolve around Solomon’s attempts to conceal his lack of a foreskin. Solly grows up to be a handsome, engaging youth who does not look particularly Jewish. On the eve of Solomon’s bar mitzvah, his family’s home is attacked by a Nazi mob. Solly saves himself by diving from the bathroom window and hiding in an empty barrel. The family then flee to Poland, where they are separated during the German invasion of September 1939.

Solly makes his way into Soviet-occupied Poland and winds up in an orphanage near Grodno, where he undergoes a seemingly painless transformation into a Young Pioneer. Although there are hints of the Stalinist terror, they are eclipsed by the German attack on Russia, during which Solly is picked up by the invaders. By virtue of his impeccable German and his claim to be among Poland’s ethnic German minority, the Volksdeutsche, Solly escapes the winnowing out of Communist Party members and Jews being conducted by German troops. Since he also speaks Russian, Solly is immediately adopted by an advance Wehrmacht squad as their translator, under his false name of Josef Peters, or “Jupp.”

Solly’s inner tension is expressed in the form of wonderfully surreal dreams, where Stalin and Hitler waltz together and a fellow orphan appears as a crucified Christ. In one nightmare he hides in a closet with Hitler, whose pose suggests he, too, is concealing the same secret that Solly does. Holland, a frequent collaborator of Andrzej Wajda (she wrote the screenplays for DANTON, A LOVE IN GERMANY and KORCZAK), also directed BITTER HARVEST and TO KILL A PRIEST. Her screenplay covers much of the range of anti-Semitism in Hitler’s Germany, whether the airy intellectual sort or the bloody-minded kind. Also familiar with the love-hate relations between Poles and Russians, Holland has not skirted the harmful effects of the Soviet occupation. The most poignant sequence is a recreation of the Warsaw ghetto familiar to viewers from Nazi newsreels, glimpsed by Solly through a chink in the white-washed window of a tram that passes through this forbidden zone.

EUROPA, EUROPA is a compelling story told with intelligence and wit. Holland’s direction, and the acting by the ensemble cast, are superb. The real-life Solomon Perel makes an appearance as himself in the present day.

 

Europa, Europa: A Memoir of War World II
Solomon Perel  Margot Bettauer Dembo (Translator)

 Europa, Europa; A Memoir of War World II
Europa, Europa; A Memoir of War World II

The wrenching memoir of a young man who survived the Holocaust by concealing his Jewish identity and finding unexpected refuge as a member of the Hitler Youth.


Learning Guide to:

    Europa! Europa!
(In German & Russian with English Subtitles)

Subjects: World/WW II;
Character Development: Human Rights; Surviving;
Ethical Emphasis: Trustworthiness.

SELECTING THE MOVIE     Quick Discussion Question

Age 13+: Rated R; Drama; 1991; 115 minutes; Color; Available from Amazon.com.

Description: This is the true story of Solomon (Solly) Perel, a 13-year-old German-Jewish boy who was separated from his family during the period between the Hitler-Stalin pact (August, 1939) and the German invasion of Russia (June, 1941). After escaping from Germany to Russian occupied Poland, he was placed in an orphanage operated by the Soviet Government. He joined the Komsomol, the Communist youth organization. When Hitler invaded Russia Solly was captured by the German Army. As a Jew he would be sent to a concentration camp. To save his life he convinced the German soldiers that he was an ethnic German. Solly was now fluent in Russian and was used by the German Army as an interpreter. As a reward for heroism, he was sent to an exclusive school in Germany run by the Hitler Youth organization, where he continued to pose as an ethnic German. Placed back into the German Army at the end of the war, he surrendered to Russian troops. Solly’s older brother, Isaac, had searched for him and survived internment in a concentration camp. The brothers were reunited at the end of the war.

Benefits: This film shows much of the panorama of the Second World War and provides a valuable comparison of communist and Nazi techniques of indoctrinating their youth. It shows the depth and extent of Nazi indoctrination of German youth and the fallacy of the Nazi theory of “Aryan supremacy.” This film is also an excellent platform for a discussion of the similarities and differences between Stalin and Hitler.

Possible Problems: SERIOUS: This is a war movie that shows violence and death. People are shown being beaten and shot. Bloodied dead bodies are shown. The violence is moderately graphic but always appropriate to the plot. There is one scene where Solly is seduced by an older female Nazi Party functionary who has been sent to take him to the Hitler Youth school. This scene is inappropriate but shows no nudity. There are concentration camp scenes.

Selected Awards: 1992 Golden Globe Awards: Best Foreign Film; 1991 National Board of Review Awards: Best Foreign Film; 1991 New York Film Critics Award: Best Foreign Film; 1991 Academy Awards Nominations: Best Adapted Screenplay.

Featured Actors: Marco Hofschneider, Klaus Abramowsky, Michelle Gleizer, Renee Hofschneider, Nathalie Schmidt.

Director: Agnieszka Holland.

USING THE MOVIE

Helpful Background:

  • Joseph Stalin (1879 – 1953) was the dictator of the Soviet Union from 1924 until he died. Stalin ruled through terror imposed by the Communist Party and its ideology combined with an omnipresent and ruthless secret police. He was a mass murderer on a scale greater than Hitler, but this was not generally known until the Cold War began. See Learning Guide to “The Inner Circle”.
  • During the 1930s Stalin and communists the world over were vigorously anti-Nazi and anti-Hitler. All this suddenly changed with the Hitler-Stalin Pact of 1939 in which Russia and Germany agreed not to invade each other and divided Poland between them. The Russians took the eastern half of Poland and the Germans took the western half. In the movie, the scene on the river when the Poles went west toward the Germans and the Jews went east toward the Russians derives from the Hitler-Stalin Pact of 1939. The communists’ sudden change of attitude toward Germany and Hitler was one the great flip-flops of history. Of course, the communist position toward Germany flip-flopped again after Hitler invaded Russia. This demonstrated Stalin’s personal control over the positions taken by communists world-wide and that those positions were subservient to the national interests of Russia.
  • See Learning Guide to The Great Dictator for a discussion of Hitler (first comment) and a description of the term “Aryan” as misused by the Nazis (last comment).
  • The Komsomal was the Communist Youth organization. It was a privilege to be invited to join. The Hitler Youth was the Nazi youth organization. Both organizations served the functions that the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts fulfill in the United States but also indoctrinated children with Nazi or Communist propaganda and helped to integrate young people into the party apparatus.
  • Since Biblical times Jewish boys have been circumcised shortly after birth. Circumcision is viewed by Jews as a sign of their obedience to God. Circumcision is an operation in which the foreskin over the head of the penis is removed. The opening scene in the movie shows a bris, the Jewish religious ceremony of circumcision, which occurs on the eighth day after the birth of a male child. At the time of World War II usually only Jews were circumcised. This is the background for the scene in the movie when the Armenian man sought to avoid death by pulling down his pants and showing that he was uncircumcised and therefore not Jewish.During World War II doctors came to believe that circumcision was medically beneficial because dirt and dead skin becomes trapped under the foreskin and causes infection. Because of this many non-Jewish children have been circumcised. Some members of the medical community have recently changed their mind and feel that the foreskin can be adequately cleaned and circumcision is now less frequently used for medical reasons.
  • In the discussion between the Father and Isaac concerning whether Solly and Isaac should be sent East to avoid the Germans they use the term “it is written.” This refers to the fact that the Jews have an extensive body of written rules for how a moral man is to live in the world. This has given rise to a reverence for the written word. The term “it is written” means that a great scholar or prophet has written down what the solution should be to this particular problem or that the answer lies in the Bible or some other revered text.
  • Hitler started a program called Lebensborn in which German women were to donate a child to the Fuhrer. The children would be raised in special camps run by the Nazi Party and have no connection with their parents. They were to be the vanguard of the new German Master Race. Leni, the German girl that Solly thought he loved, became pregnant with a baby she had conceived for the Lebensborn program.

Words and phrases: bourgeois, class origins; ghetto, kosher, Komsomol, Hitler Youth, Stalinist Puppet, to requisition.

Discussion Questions:

  1. [Standard Questions Suitable for Any Film].
  2. Why did Leni choose the blond blue-eyed friend of “Josef Peters” to father her baby rather than Josef?
  3. Why was it important that at the end of the movie Solly and his brother could urinate side by side without hiding?
  4. Why did Solly have a dream in which Hitler and Stalin were mixed up and danced together? What was the meaning of this scene?
  5. Did Solly really love Leni? Can you explain his feelings for her?
  6. What differences, if any, were there in the methods used by the Russians and the Germans to indoctrinate their youth?
    Character Development

    Human Rights

  7. [Quick Discussion Question:] What is the meaning of the scene in the classroom at the school for young Nazis when Solly is singled out as an example of one of the “Aryan” prototypes?
  8. The young religious Polish patriot who hated Solly claimed that the Jews killed Jesus. This is an old anti-semitic slur which was used to justify pogroms and persecution of the Jews in Europe. Why is this claim spurious? [People living today cannot be blamed for actions taken in approximately 30 B.C.; it was the Roman’s who killed Jesus at the behest of a few Jews, but not of a substantial part of the Jewish population of the time.]Surviving
  9. What kept Solly going?
  10. Why did Solly live in daily fear of discovery?
    Ethical Emphasis

    (Teachwithmovies.org is associated with Character Counts and uses The Six Pillars of Character to organize ethical principals.)

    Discussion Questions Relating to Ethical Issues are designed to maximize the use of this film to teach ethical principles and critical viewing. One concept from The Six Pillars of Character that is raised in this film is Trustworthiness (Be loyal — stand by your family, friends and country)

  11. Isaac never stopped looking for Solly. Can you share with us some examples of family loyalty.

 

Apart from family, one can experience loyalty in many forms too. When you are investing in a fund, you are ever so loyal to it and will defend it very fiercely, were other investors to talk ill about it, or some App like the Fincrowd App does not rate it well. What we like, we defend for and will be loyal to, for a long long time.

Bridges to Reading: Historical novels dealing with the experiences of Jewish children in WW II that have been recommended for middle school and junior high school readers include: Sheltering Rebecca, by Mary Baylis-White; The Hunted, by Peter Carter; Jacobs’ Rescue: A Holocaust Story, by Malka Rucker & Michael Palperin; To Cross A Line, by Karen Ray; Anna is Still Here, by Ida Vos; Tell Them We Remember the Story of the Holocaust, by Susan D. Bacharch.

Recommended nonfiction books include: The Hidden Children by Howard Greenfeld (interviews with Jewish children hidden from the Nazis by non-Jews); Children of the Swastika: The Hitler Youth by Eileen Heyes, Young People Speak: Surviving the Holocaust in Hungary, compiled & edited by Andrew Gandler & Susan V. Meschel; Behind the Secret Window: A Memoir of a Hidden Child During WW II, by Nelly S. Toll.

Other Movies on Related Topics: All movies listed in the Subject Matter Index under the topic World/WW II/The Holocaust.

Neal Ahern in Israel on Observing Rachel’s Anniversary at Erez Checkpoint

On Tuesday March 16th, we marked the anniversary of the death of Rachel Corrie by heading down to Erez checkpoint, which is where you go to get into Gaza, or not get in to Gaza which is how it has been for the past 4 months or so.  There were about 20 internationals and about 7 news organizations and lots of border police.  There were 2 of us from Olympia, Jake and myself, so Jake read a speech about Rachel, the community of Olympia and the situation in Rafah and Gaza currently, and i read excerpts from Rachel’s amazing emails to give those of us who did not know her, the opportunity to hear some of her thoughtful insights about her time in Rafah.

Sharing such emails and messages about a person gives a personal insight into their lives and their personality. This makes it more personal than telling stories about them. When you tell a story about a person, your own inference about them tends to seep in. you are bound to talk highly or low about them, based on your perception. Even if one tries to be neutral, the tone and the choice of words will communicate their feelings to the audience.

However, when we share the emails sent by a person, the true nature of that particular person is out in plain sight for people to make their own inferences. The true sense of humor and choice of words by the person is also exposed. This gives people a chance to know that person better.

We decided to this as Rachel was a very well known person who was very close to our hearts. Reading all those mails brought back great memories about her and we enjoyed that short travel back to the past. It brought back many wonderful memories and reminded us of her contributions and sacrifices for the Palestinian people. She truly put in her heart and soul to defend these people.

Just like an investment App like HBSwiss or the likes invest for other without knowing anything about them but aims to do good for them, she aimed to do her best to save these people without knowing anyone personally.

Afterwards, we had a die in where many folks wore t shirts with different words on them representing the many effected Palestinian people and issues as a result of the occupation.  we were all splashed in red paint by a man wearing an occupation shirt and being led around by a person in an American shirt and a person in an Israeli shirt.   We arose as flowers were placed on our chests which we then, one by one, deposited on a letter I had written on posterboard to Rachel.  It was very emotional for me, and i am sure for others, but the event was very nice and went very well.  For pictures, go to ism website at www.palsolidarity.org

The following evening, Wednesday, some Israeli groups had a memorial for Rachel in Jerusalem at the church of Notre Dame.  I was asked to speak about Rachel at the event and of course I did.  I again shared a lot of her writing to the crowd, which included a person who works at the us consulate, which was very good to see.  I managed not to cry while reading, which was remarkable because I cried all day while working on the speech and trying to select pieces to read since they were all so wonderful.  By the end, many people were crying or sniffling, and then a young Israeli woman read a poem she wrote for/about Rachel and the event was over.  It was a moving experience to say the least, but I am glad it is over now, as the past few days were quite draining.

best to you all, your friend, brother and son, neal